open-field system

open-field system
эк., ист. система открытых полей [неогороженных участков\], чересполосица (система распределения земли общины между ее членами, при которой вся земля делилась на небольшие участки и распределялась между членами общины так, чтобы каждая семья обрабатывала набор участков примерно одинакового качества; после сбора урожая вся земля использовалась для общего выпаса скота; существовала в странах Северной Европы и в России; выполняла функцию страхования отдельной семьи от неурожая, так как в случае низкого урожая на участках одного типа, напр., возвышенных или расположенных в низине, это компенсировалось нормальным урожаем на других участках)
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Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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  • Open field system — Generic map of a medieval manor, showing strip farming, from William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1923 The open field system was the prevalent agricultural system in much of Europe from the Middle Ages to as recently as the 20th century in some …   Wikipedia

  • open-field system — ▪ agriculture       basic community organization of cultivation in European agriculture for 2,000 years or more. Its best known medieval form consisted of three elements: individual peasant holdings in the form of strips scattered among the… …   Universalium

  • open field system —   a farming system developed in Anglo Saxon culture. The typical example would feature a central village surrounded by three fields. Each year one filed would be left fallow and the other two cropped. The fields being worked were divided into… …   Geography glossary

  • open-field system — noun the medieval system of farming in England, in which land was divided into strips and available for grazing outside the growing season …   English new terms dictionary

  • open field system — ➡ strip farming * * * …   Universalium

  • Open-field — may refer to: Open field system, a system of agriculture prevalent throughout Europe from the Middle Ages to the 20th Century Open fields doctrine, a U.S. legal doctrine used for evaluating claims of an unreasonable search Open Field, album by… …   Wikipedia

  • Open Metering System — The Open Metering System OMS stands for a manufacturer and utilities independent standardization for Meter Bus based communication between utility meters (electricity, gas, water, district heat, heat cost allocators) and systems in the field of… …   Wikipedia

  • Equal-field system — The Equal field system (zh cp|c=均田制度|p=jūntián zhìdù) (Also, Land equalization system) land system was a historical system of land ownership and distribution in China used from the Six Dynasties to Mid Tang dynasty. By the time of the Han dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Field system — The study of field systems (collections of fields) in landscape history is concerned with the size, shape and orientation a number of fields. These are often adjacent, but may be separated by a later feature. Contents 1 Types of field system 2… …   Wikipedia

  • open-field — | ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ adjective 1. : of, relating to, or constituting a system of agriculture widely practised in medieval Europe and based upon dividing the arable land into unenclosed strips usually subject to a 3 year rotation and upon distributing… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Field (agriculture) — In agriculture, the word field refers generally to an area of land enclosed or otherwise and used for agricultural purposes such as: Cultivating crops Usage as a paddock or, generally, an enclosure of livestock Land left to lie fallow or as… …   Wikipedia


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